Thursday, April 11, 2024

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 4 English Subtitle.

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল Ghaznavid sultan (r. 388/998–421/1030), who crossed the Oxus to remove the pretender. On the steppe outside Bukhara, Mahmud first encountered Arslan’s nomadic followers encamped; he ‘saw the strength of the Seljuks, and the force and large numbers they possessed’.

45 This is one of the earliest references to the Seljuks [al- saljuqiyya] in a sense which clearly refers to rather more than just the immediate family of Seljuk and his descendants.
Mahmud’s response was to arrest and imprison Arslan Isra’il, doubt- less hoping that without their leader, the supporters of the Seljuks would disperse – a reasonable assumption, given the fissiparous nature of political formations on the steppe.

Indeed, Mahmud allowed them to cross the Oxus and tried to disperse them in Khurasan, effectively making them Ghaznavid subjects. Some were exiled to remote Mount Balkhan in the west of modern Turkmenistan. Mahmud’s actions had profound consequences both for the Seljuk family and for his own territories. First, some nomads still maintained a loyalty to their imprisoned leader, especially the groups that had been exiled to Mount Balkhan (the ‘Balkhan-K uhiyan’ – see Figure 1.1).

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল
Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

Resentful of the Ghaznavid mistreatment of Arslan Isra’il and seeking to escape from Mahmud’s control, some nomads, principally the Balkhan-K uhiyan, started to migrate westwards, through the Ghaznavid territories and beyond, to
45 Ibn al- Athir, al- Kamil, IX, 475; for a different version of Mahmud’s relations with Arslan Isra’il, see Nishapuri, Saljuqnama, 6–8. Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

the west of Iran, ‘Iraq-i ‘Ajam. Owing to their association with this region, the migrants were now dubbed ‘Iraqiyya, although they penetrated as far as Azerbaijan and eastern Anatolia, which, with their vast pasturelands, repre- sented an ideal location for their flocks.46 The numbers of the ‘Iraqiyya were small:

the first group of migrants to the west consisted of 2,000 men.47 Many more, however, remained in Khurasan, where some were recruited into the Ghaznavid army.48 The second consequence of the imprisonment of Arslan Isra’il was the outbreak of a struggle between the other descendants of Seljuk for leadership.


The details of this are obscure, but it seems the Qarakhanid ‘Ali Tegin still envisaged himself as the Seljuks’ ultimate suzerain. By around 421/1030 the sons of Arslan’s younger brother Mika’il, Tughrıl and Chaghrı, had emerged as leaders of resistance to ‘Ali Tegin,49 but their ascendancy was far from univer- sally accepted.

Arslan Isra’il’s own son Qutlumush and his descendants would challenge the heirs of the Mika’ilids, and the discrepancies in the treatment of these events in different versions of the Maliknama suggests that its compilers struggled to find a convincing narrative of the rise of Tughrıl and Chaghrı that would dispel doubts about their entitlement to the leadership.

50 Later sources also play down the role of a third Seljuk, Musa Yabghu, who certainly occupied an equal position to Tughrıl and Chaghrı, and possibly even a senior one.51 Bayhaqi, for instance, our main contemporary source, talks of three leaders, not just two – Tughrıl, Chaghrı and Yabghu. Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

52 46 On these, see Peacock, ‘From the Balkhān-K ūhīyān to the Nāwakīya’, 59–64. 47 Ibn al- Athir, al- Kamil, IX, 377–9, 476. 48 Ibid., IX, 478, [Mas‘ud] istakhdama ba‘∂ahum wa- muqaddamuhum Yaghmur. 49 Ibid., IX, 476–7; Mirkhwand, Rawdat al- Safa, IV, 242–3; Peacock, Early Seljūq History, 65–6. Another account is given by Bayhaqi, Tarikh, 669, 693–4, who cites a letter purportedly written by the Seljuk leadership, where they claim they had had a good relation- ship with ‘Ali Tegin, which broke down when he was succeeded by his two inexperienced sons.

50 Peacock, Early Seljūq History, 41; Peacock, ‘From the Balkhān- Kuhīyān to the Nāwakīya’, 63–4. 51 See, for example, ‘Abu Sa‘id b. ‘Abd al- Hayy Gardizi, Zayn al- Akhbar, ed. Rahim Ridazada Malik (Tehran, 1384), 292, where Yabghu appears as the Seljuk with whom Mas‘ud nego- tiates. Yabghu is also a senior Turkish title. For more details on him, see Osman G. Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল


Özgüdenli, ‘Musa Yabghu’, EIr. 52 Bayhaqi, Tarikh, 693, 714–15; Bosworth, The Ghaznavids, 221–2, 226, 244. Three lead- ers are also mentioned in Mirkhwand, Rawdat al- Safa, IV, 246, but the third one is called ‘Inanj Beg b. Seljuk’; Inanj was a title used by Musa as is confirmed by numismatic evidence. Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 04 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৪ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল


See Peacock, Early Seljūq History, 64, esp. n. 127. the rise of the seljuks | 33 The Seljuks in Khurasan and the Ghaznavid Collapse, 1034–40 Around 425/1034, Tughrıl and Chaghrı suffered a major defeat at the hands of ‘Ali Tegin and his allies, forcing them to flee Transoxiana: ‘Their posses- sions and their children were taken, many of their women and offspring were imprisoned, and necessity made them cross to Khurasan’.

53 First, they took refuge in Khwarazm, which in any event was one of their traditional pastures, but they were also encouraged by the ambitious Ghaznavid governor, Harun, who hoped to use them to support his efforts to conquer Khurasan from his suzerain.54 When Harun was murdered by Ghaznavid agents in April 426/1035,55 the Seljuks were again forced to flee, heading south across the barren wastes of the Kara Kum desert.

Initially, they made for the great oasis city of Merv, but perhaps it was too well defended, for they then diverted westwards to take refuge in the town of Nasa, lying in the northern foothills of the Kopet Dagh mountains.56 They had arrived on the edges of Khurasan, the province which was one of the ‘jewels in the crown’ of the Ghaznavid sultan Mas‘ud (421/1030–432/1041).57 ‘Khurasan is lost!’ (Khurāsān shud), the Ghaznavid governor of Khurasan,

Abu ’l- Fadl Suri, is said to have declared as soon as he heard of the Seljuks’ arrival.58 This was an exaggeration: having been chased out of both Transoxiana and Khwarazm the Seljuks scarcely seem to have been invincible and, in fact, they preferred negotiation to force. A letter preserved by Bayhaqi allegedly signed by Tughrıl, Chaghrı and Musa Yabghu explains their travails, and asks Suri to intercede with the sultan on their behalf:

If [the sultan] sees fit, he will accept us as his servants, so that one of us will pay homage to him at his exalted court and the others will undertake whatever service the sultan commands, and we will rest in his great shadow.


He should grant us the province of Nasa and Farawa which is on the edge of the desert so that we can put down our possessions and rest. We will not allow any evil doer from Mount Balkhan, Dihistan, the borders of Khwarazm and the banks of the Oxus to appear, and we will fight the ‘Iraqi and Khwarazmian Türkmen. If – God forbid – the sultan does not agree, we do not know what will happen, for we have nowhere else to go.’

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1 COMMENT

  1. […] We will assess first the Türkmen expansion on the frontiers of the Seljuk Empire; we will then turn to deal with the internal situation, specifically the vizier Nizam al-Mulk and his relations with Malikshah on the one hand, and the Türkmen on the other. The activities of two Türkmen chiefs, Artuq and Atsız, suggest the complexities of the Türkmen’s role in Malikshah’s empire. Artuq had plundered Basra and the date-filled oases of al-Ahsa’ on the east coast of Arabia in 469/1086. Despite the wanton attack on Basra, Artuq seems to have continued to be regarded with favor by Malikshah, and he was later allotted territories in the Jibal. Series Best To Watch Alparslan Buyuk Selcuklu Click […]

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