Monday, June 17, 2024

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 03 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৩ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 03 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৩ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 03 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৩ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

The Oghuz, the Türkmen and their Social Organisation

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 03 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৩ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল Oghuz who converted to Islam became known as Türkmen as early as the tenth century.41 Muslim writers, however, frequently contin- ued to apply the term Oghuz (or Ghuzz) to describe even Muslim Türkmen, usually with distinctly pejorative connotations.

On the other hand, some groups described as Türkmen by the sources were evidently still pagan.42 Although historically there were town-d welling Oghuz/ Türkmen, both terms usually denote that an individual or group is a nomad. In this book, we generally use ‘Türkmen’ to refer to the Seljuks’ nomadic subjects,

except when quoting from primary sources that use Ghuzz, or when that term is so well-e ntrenched that to use Türkmen would be anachronistic (for example, the great Ghuzz revolt against Sanjar in 1152–7). Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 03 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৩ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

The term Turk is used by the Muslim sources both to refer to the Ghuzz/Türkmen, and to other Turkic- speaking groups who were not Angeles, 1991), 142–7 (reprinted in Golden, Nomads and their Neighbours, study IX); Sharaf al- Din Marvazi, loc cit. Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 02 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০২ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

the great seljuk empire Oghuz, such as the Qarluqs (perhaps the single most important com- ponent in the Qarakhanid state), Pechenegs and Qipchaqs. A detailed contemporary description of the Turks’ language, poetry and customs has come down to us in the form of the Diwan Lughat al- Turk, a Turkish– Arabic dictionary composed by the émigré arakhanid prince Mahmud al- Kashghari in Seljuk Baghdad, completed around 1077.

Despite Kashghari’s detailed ethnographic information, much remains mysterious about the social organisation of these Turks. He divides the Oghuz into twenty- four (or, according to another version, twenty- two) tribes – but their names virtually never feature in early accounts of eleventh- century Seljuk history.

Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 03 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৩ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল
Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 03 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০৩ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

Instead, contemporary authors like Bayhaqi depict the nomads as coalescing around aristocratic Turkish leaders, after whom they were known – the Yınaliyan are the followers of Ibrahim Yınal, the Saljuqiyya or Saljuqiyan the adherents of the descendants of Seljuk and so on. Thus, Saljuqiyya has no implication of shared blood, and some nomadic groups were also known after geographical regions, not people (the ‘Iraqiyya, the Balkhan- Kuhiyan). Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 02 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০২ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

Certainly, the tribe was a much less significant social organism among the Turks than it was among the Arabs, and Kashghari’s Oghuz tribes seem to represent an attempt to legitimise the Turks’ role in the Islamic world by giving them the same status as Arabs.43 It is not until the second quarter of the twelfth century that any of Kashghari’s tribes start to appear in our sources; Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 02 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০২ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

the reasons for their growing significance in this period are not yet clear, and require further research. After the Mongol invasions in the thirteenth century, interest in tribal origins seems to have intensified among the Turkic peoples of the Middle East, and was projected by onto earlier periods by writers of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
After Seljuk’s death, his elder son Arslan Isra’il became the most promi- nent member of the family. We find him intervening in Transoxianan poli- tics in support of a Qarakhanid prince, ‘

Ali Tegin, who attempted around 411/1020–1 to establish himself as ruler in Bukhara.44 ‘Ali Tegin faced oppo- sition from both his brother Ilek Khan and the latter’s supporter Mahmud, the 43 See A. C. S. Peacock, ‘From the Balkhān- Kūhīyān to the Nāwakīya: Nomadic Politics and the Foundations of Seljuq Rule in Anatolia’, Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 02 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০২ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

in Jürgen Paul (ed.), Nomad Aristocrats in a World of Empires (Wiesbaden, 2013), 55–80, esp. 57–62, for a detailed consideration of these issues. 44 On the political situation in Transoxiana and Khurasan, see Bosworth, The Ghaznavids, esp. 234–40; Golden, ‘The Karakhanids and Early Islam’, 362–5; Köymen, Büyük Selçuklu İmparatorluğu Tarihi, I, 68–78. Alparslan Buyuk Seljuk Episode 02 English Subtitles Free | আল্প আর্সালান বুয়ুক সেলজুক ভলিউম ০২ বাংলা সাবটাইটেল

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2 COMMENTS

  1. […] The gravity of the crisis forced Malikshah to march in person to Syria, although in the event Tutush killed Sulayman in battle before the sultan arrived.221 Sulayman’s sons were captured and exiled to Khurasan, while Malikshah despatched his amirs Bozan and Bursuq to impose his authority over the Anatolian Türkmen, although with little success. Turkey Web Series Watch Now […]

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